0 Zinthu

Kutengera mphamvu kapena kutengera mphamvu (PTO) ndi njira iliyonse yotengera mphamvu kuchokera kugwero lamagetsi, monga injini yothamanga ndikuitumiza ku pulogalamu monga chida cholumikizidwa kapena makina osiyana.

Nthawi zambiri, ndi shaft yokhotakhota yoyikidwa pa thirakitara kapena galimoto yolola zida zogwiritsira ntchito kulumikiza kuti zizigwiritsidwa ntchito ndi injini.

Kuchotsa mphamvu kokhazikika kumatha kupezekanso pama injini a m'mafakitale ndi m'madzi. Mapulogalamuwa amagwiritsa ntchito shaft yolumikizira komanso yolumikizira yolumikizira kuti atumize mphamvu yoyambira kapena chowonjezera china. Pankhani yofunsira m'madzi, shafeti ngati izi zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kupangira moto mapampu amoto.

Kodi PTO Shaft ndi chiyani?

Kodi shaft ya PTO ndi chiyani kapena tanthauzo / tanthauzo la PTO shaft ndi chiyani? Pa thirakitala, PTO imayimira Kuchotsa Mphamvu. Shaft yotengera mphamvu imapereka mphamvu ku chipangizo chomwe chayikidwa pa thirakitala. Talakitala ndi makina aulimi omwe amatha kugwira ntchito zosiyanasiyana. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kukoka zida, zomwe zimafunikira kugwiritsa ntchito thirakitala ya PTO. Tractor PTO imagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zambiri monga kusuntha zida zopopera madzi, rotavator, feteleza, kukolola, ndi zina zambiri. Pazolumikizana ndi thirakitala yakutsogolo ku China ndi mayiko ena otukuka, shaft ya PTO ili kumbuyo.

Ndi chitsanzo chake cha 8-16, International Harvester Company (IHC) inapanga shaft ya PTO (Power Take Off shaft) mu 1918. Anali woyamba kupanga thirakitala kupereka PTO shafts. Edward A. Johnston, injiniya wa IHC, anapanga shaft ya thirakitala ya PTO. Shaft yodzipangira tokha ya PTO idamulimbikitsa kale ku France. Edward A. Johnston ndi anzake adaphatikizira lingaliro la thirakitala PTO shaft mu 8-16. Kuti ayese bwino lingalirolo, adapanga banja la zida zaulimi.

Zikafika pamitundu, pali ma thirekitala osiyanasiyana a PTO drive shafts monga masikweya a PTO, ma CV olowa PTO shafts, zolemetsa zolemetsa za PTO, ndi zina zambiri. mitengo yamtengo wapatali ya PTO ndi magoli pamitengo yopikisana kwambiri!

Shaft ya Power Takeoff

 

Kodi PTO Shaft Imagwira Ntchito Motani?

Mphamvu ya thirakitala imasamutsidwa ku cholumikizira choyendetsedwa ndi PTO ndi a PTO kutsinde. Zimenezi zimathandiza kuti thalakitala ikhale ndi mphamvu zodulira ma flail, zida zodulira matabwa, ma rotary tiller, mafosholo, ndi zida zina za thirakitala.

Mphamvu yozungulira yomwe imapangidwa potembenuza imasinthidwa kukhala mphamvu ya hydraulic. Mphamvu yamadzi ndi dzina lina la izi, ndipo imayendetsedwa ndi dongosolo lopanikizika. Kuzungulira kozungulira kumapangitsa kuti pakhale kupanikizika mu crankshaft, komwe kungagwiritsidwe ntchito pazinthu zingapo pomwe mphamvuyo imadziunjikira.

Zina mwa zinthu zomwe mungachite nazo ndi izi:

  • Kuchita bwino kwa injini kumakhala bwino.
  • Ma hydraulics okweza ndi kutsitsa bedi lamagalimoto otayira amayendetsedwa ndi valavu iyi.
  • Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kukoka magalimoto.
  • Amapopera madzi kudzera pa hose poyatsa mpope wamadzi.

PTO kutsinde

Chifukwa chiyani Kuchotsa Mphamvu (PTO) Kumagwiritsa Ntchito?

Magiya amakina amalumikizana ndi zoboola pa mathirakitala ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kusamutsa mphamvu kuchokera pa injini ya thirakitala kupita kuzinthu zina, makamaka pampu za hydraulic. Kuthamanga kwa hydraulic kumapangidwa ndi mpope ndikutumizidwa ku ma hydraulic motors ndi masilinda kuti akagwire ntchito. PTO drive shaft imapereka mphamvu ngati mpope wozungulira pamagwiritsidwe osiyanasiyana.

Kuthamanga kwa PTO mu 1958 kunali 536 rpm. Tractor PTO rpm yasinthidwa kukhala 540 rpm, ndi liwiro lowonjezera lomwe limamangiriridwa ku 1000 rpm. Pali 6 splines mu shaft iyi, ndi 21 splines mu 1000 rpm shaft. Dual PTO imatanthawuza mathirakitala omwe amatha kugwira ntchito pazitsulo zonse za PTO.

Izi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi iliyonse pamene chipangizocho chilibe injini yake. PTO shafts imapezeka kawirikawiri m'magalimoto ogulitsa ndi zida zaulimi, mwachitsanzo. Zoona zake, kutulukira kwa alimi ndiko makamaka kunayambitsa PTO shaft. Shaft ya PTO pa injini ya thirakitala imagwiritsidwa ntchito poyendetsa jackhammer kapena zida zina.

Ma PTO atha kupezekanso pazotsatira izi:

  • Chippers za nkhuni
  • Baler wa udzu
  • Okolola
  • Mikono yopangidwa ndi chitsulo
  • Mapampu amadzi

 

cheke Mitundu ya PTO Shaft

Momwe Mungakulitsire PTO Shaft

Mutha kukhala mukuganiza momwe mungakulitsire shaft yanu ya PTO. Chabwino, pali njira zingapo zochitira izi. Mwinanso mungathe kuchita nokha! Nawa malangizo angapo. Onetsetsani kuti mukutsatira malangizo omwe amapanga PTO ya thirakitala yanu. Muyeneranso kuwonetsetsa kuti mwawona zomwe zaperekedwa. Kuti mupeze utali wolondola, yambani ndikuwunika nambala yagawo. Nthawi zambiri, mutha kupeza nambala yagawo pacholemba pa shaft. Mwachitsanzo, shaft yathunthu ya PTO imalembedwa ndi gawo la 14006127. Nambala ya serial ndi imodzi. Muyenera kudziwa nambala iyi chifukwa ikufunika kuti muwonjezere zolondola.

Njira imodzi yowonjezerera kukula kwa shaft ya PTO ndikugula adapter ya PTO yowonjezera. Kutengera kukula kwa shaft yanu ya PTO, mutha kupeza yomwe ingakwane. Kuphatikiza apo, chokhazikika chimalimbikitsidwa kuti chiwonjezere kutalika kwa shaft ya PTO. Mukhozanso kusankha chosinthira chapamwamba cha PTO chomwe chimakwanira mathero a goli la thirakitala yanu. Kupaka kwake kwachikasu kwa zinki kumatsimikizira kuti izikhala zolimba kuti zisapirire mphamvu zakunja. Idzasunga kulumikizana kotetezeka ndikupewa zovuta zilizonse zosayembekezereka.

Njira ina yowonjezera shaft yanu ya PTO ndiyo kugwiritsa ntchito mafuta a dizilo. Izi ndizothandiza ngati theka la shaft yanu yakhazikika. Mafuta a dizilo amachepetsa kuthamanga kwamtunda kwa shaft. Ngati simungathe kuzitulutsa nokha, mutha kuyesa kugwiritsa ntchito nyundo. Nthawi zina, zitha kutenga zochulukirapo kuposa pamenepo, koma ndizotsimikizika kuti zigwira ntchito. Muyenera kuthira mafuta nthawi zonse, kuti mutsimikizire kuti mukuchita bwino.

PTO kutsinde

Kodi pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa 540 ndi 1000 PTO Shaft?

Pomwe shaft ya PTO ikutembenuza 540, chiwerengerocho chiyenera kusinthidwa (chokwera kapena chotsika) kuti chikwaniritse zosowa zake, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala zapamwamba kuposa RPM. Popeza ma 1000 RPM ali owirikiza kawiri a 540, pali zochepa "" Gearing Up "" zomwe zidapangidwa kuti zithe kugwira ntchito yofunikira. "

Ever-power ndi amodzi mwa ogulitsa okhwima a PTO shaft ku China. Sikuti tili ndi PTO shafts zogulitsa zokha, komanso timapereka magawo osiyanasiyana a PTO shafts, ndi zowonjezera, kuphatikiza zokokera, machubu, ndi magoli a mathirakitala ndi zida, kuphatikiza mitundu yambiri ya PTO driveline. Funsani katundu wathu wa PTO shaft pamlingo wabwino kwambiri.

PTO Shaft ndi Agricultural Gearbox

PTO shaft ndi bokosi lamagetsi zimagwira ntchito yofunika kwambiri pazaulimi ndipo ziyenera kuyesedwa bwino musanagwiritse ntchito.

Zida zaulimi, makamaka mathirakitala ndi zida, pamapeto pake zidzatha. Ma angles ochulukirapo mu shaft ya PTO angayambitse goli lowonongeka. Mafuta osakwanira amathanso kupangitsa kuti pakhale machubu owonera telesikopu ndi ma shield bearings. Ndikofunikiranso kuthira mafuta mbali zonsezi kamodzi pa maora asanu ndi atatu aliwonse. Kuti mupewe kusweka kwambiri pa gearbox yanu yaulimi, ganizirani kupeza ina.

Shaft ya PTO ndi bokosi la giya laulimi amapangidwa ndi mitundu iwiri yosiyana ya zida. Shaft yapakhomo ya PTO nthawi zambiri imakhala yachitsulo, pomwe mtundu wa metric umapangidwa ndi pulasitiki ndi mphira. Miyendo yapakhomo ya PTO imatha kubwera mosiyanasiyana, kuphatikiza kuzungulira, kakona, ndi nyenyezi. Ma metric, kumbali ina, amabwera mu mawonekedwe a mpira kapena mawonekedwe a belu. Amapangidwa kuti ateteze kutha kwamphamvu komanso kung'ambika komanso amatha kupirira kupsinjika, kukhudzidwa, komanso kupsinjika.

Mtsinje wa PTO ndi gawo lofunikira kwambiri pa thirakitala yaulimi. Iwo ali ndi udindo wotembenuza mphamvu ya injini kukhala hydraulic pressure. Izi zimapangitsa kuti mathirakitala azikoka katundu wolemera. Ngati sichisamalidwa bwino, shaft ya PTO imatha kuwonongeka kapena kusagwira ntchito. Mitundu iwiri ya ma PTO shaft imapezeka kwambiri pa mathirakitala: kufalitsa PTO. Kupatsirana kwa PTO ndikulumikizana kwachindunji ndi kufalitsa, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti sikungayendetsedwe pomwe cholumikizira chikugwira ntchito.

PTO Shaft ndi Agricultural Gearbox                                 PTO Shaft ndi Agricultural Gearbox

Mbali Zaulimi

 

Pemphani mawu omasuka 

Chitetezo ndi magwiridwe antchito

Mphamvu zonse zakhala zikuwona chitetezo kukhala chimodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri pakupanga ndi zomangamanga pazogulitsa zake zomwe zimamangidwa motsatira malamulo a ISO apadziko lonse lapansi komanso malamulo achitetezo a EU. Zambiri zachitetezo ndi kugwiritsa ntchito molondola kwa ogwiritsa ntchito PTO drive shaft zimaperekedwa m'mabuku achitetezo komanso mu "Ntchito ndi Kukonzanso" Buku loperekedwa ndi ma shaft shaft onse a PTO. Ndiudindo wamakasitomala kudziwitsa mphamvu zonse. Za Dziko lomwe PTO imayendetsa shafts kuti liperekedwe, kuti liwapatse Ma Buku ndi Zolemba zoyenera.

Chitetezo ndi magwiridwe antchito 1

Onetsetsani kuti zonse zoyendetsera galimoto, thalakitala ndi kugwiritsa ntchito zishango zikugwira ntchito ndipo zilipo zisanachitike.Zinthu zowonongeka kapena zosowa ziyenera kusinthidwa ndi zigawo zoyambirira, zoyikika bwino, musanagwiritse ntchito driveline.

Chitetezo ndi magwiridwe antchito 2

PTO pagalimoto kutsinde olowa sagwira ntchito mosalekeza ndi ngodya pafupi 80 °, koma kwa kanthawi (chiwongolero).

Chitetezo ndi magwiridwe antchito 3

Zowopsa! Kuyanjana kwa ma driveline kungayambitse imfa. Osayandikira! Osamavala zovala zodzikongoletsera, zodzikongoletsera, kapena tsitsi lomwe lingakopeke ndi chingwe cholowera.

Chitetezo ndi magwiridwe antchito 4

Musagwiritse ntchito unyolo wachitetezo kuti muthandizire poyendetsa posungira. Nthawi zonse gwiritsani ntchito chithandizocho.

Chitetezo ndi magwiridwe antchito 5

Mikangano yamakangano itha kukhala ntchito yotentha kwambiri. Osagwira! Sungani malo oyandikana ndi mikangano pazinthu zilizonse zomwe zitha kuyaka moto ndikupewa kuterera kwanthawi yayitali.

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